The Graston Technique is a form of manual therapy known as soft-tissue instrument-assisted mobilization. It is one of a number of manual therapy approaches that uses instruments with a specialized form of massage/scraping the skin gently.
The therapy is designed to help the practitioner identify areas of restriction and and poor motion.
The general goals of the therapy are to reduce the patient's pain and increase function through a combination of:
There also appears to be a neurologic benefit to treating patients with the Graston Technique Instruments. This response is similar to that involved with other manual therapies. The literature suggests that when a patient is given manual or instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) therapy, certain nerve fibers are activated. Additionally, the body's position sense organs, such as mechanoreceptors and proprioceptors, seem to respond to these forms of treatment.
The Graston Technique offers several potential advantages to the patient with such an injury:
The treatment may be used alone or in conjunction with other treatments.
Graston Technique Training
Fairly extensive training is required to use the technique. Graston Technique training consists of 2 modules:
The Graston Technique is part of the advanced degree curriculum of many respected universities and colleges. Many professional sports organizations, including U.S. Olympic teams, use the technique in the care of their athletes.
Graston Technique Indications
When an injury within the soft tissue occurs, the tissue repairs itself in a haphazard pattern, forming scar tissue. While the scar tissue itself is not painful, it does tend to limit range of motion, and the ongoing stiffness may contribute to chronic pain.
The Graston technique has the potential to treat acute and chronic conditions such as:
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